The Azim Premji University regularly organizes seminars, webinars and colloquium lectures involving members of the faculty as well as academicians, activists, artists and other distinguished personalities from a wide array of fields. This section consists of video recordings of major events conducted at the Azim Premji University.
The Changing Itineraries of an ‘American Social Science: International Relations, Circa 2018
About the Lecture
The stories a discipline tells of itself reveals a great deal about how it wishes to be viewed, what it regards as worthwhile studying and what it obscures in its mainstream rendition. International Relations (IR) as a construct has been linked largely to the fortunes of the major powers. It is characterized by a distinctive ‘Anglo-American ethnocentrism’ and Stanley Hoffmann accurately characterized it in 1977 as an ‘American Social Science’. What does the discipline look like forty years later? To what extent does context have a bearing on IR as a discipline? How far have efforts by scholars from the Global South and critical IR scholars from the Global North altered its foci? In the course of my talk, I seek to address these questions and examine strategies to decolonize IR and re-visit new claims on the ‘global’ notwithstanding its resilient exclusions
Siddharth Mallavarapu is Professor and Head, Department of International Relations and Governance Studies at Shiv Nadar University. Prior to this he has taught at Jawaharlal Nehru University and at the South Asian University. His first book, Banning the Bomb: The Politics ofNorm Creation explored the intersections of international law and politics in the light of anAdvisory Opinion of the International Court of Justice on the legality of the threat or use ofnuclear weapons. His subsequent co-edited books (with Kanti Bajpai) International Relations in India: Bringing Theory Back Home and International Relations in India: Theorizing the Regionand Nation focused on Indian writings in International Relations theory. Mallavarapu is also theco-editor (with B.S.Chimni) of International Relations: Perspectives for the Global South and has contributed theoretical chapters to the Oxford Handbook of Indian Foreign Policy and the Oxford Handbook of India’s National Security apart from assorted journal articles.
Thinking around Dissent
About the Lecture
This talk will address the issue of dissent ranging from the recent arrests of activists and writers to the debate on ‘me too ‘ movement and also refer to the brief history of peaceful protests in the last four centuries and their impact on the sociopolitical environment.
Sanjeev Khandekar is a reputed Marathi writer and visual artist based in Mumbai. With his solo exhibition of watercolours, Rumour of Truth (2003), Khandekar occasioned the arrival of his pictorial vocabulary. His collections include three volumes of poetry – All I Wanna Do (2005), Mutatis Muntandis (2006), and Two Poems (2006). His two books, ‘1, 2, 3… Happy Galaxy’ and collection of his present poetry ‘Smiles’ was published in 2007.
Controlling News ahead of 2019?
About the Lecture
The increasing influence of the print and electronic media in shaping public opinion has direct implications on the future of cultural and political democracy in India, especially as we head towards the 2019 elections. The talk will examine recent trends in media ownership in the country and their impact on the production of news. Regulating media ownership patterns without compromising on freedom of reportage appears necessary for securing diversity in newscontent and nourishing the space of democratic deliberations.
T.M.Veeraraghav is a senior journalist based out of Bengaluru. In the last two decades, he has worked in senior editorial positions with NDTV, Network 18 and The Hindu from different partsof the country. He has reported on the aftermath of the communal riots in Gujarat, the war in Sri Lanka, political and social issues in South India, amongst others. A Master's degree holder in Economics, he was the recipient of the Chevening scholarship in 2007.
Empowering Women Entrepreneurs in Rural Maharashtra
About the Lecture
In the talk, the speaker discusses her work towards empowering women entrepreneurs in ruralMaharashtra: how she has come to think of the term financial inclusion, the challenges toinclusion (social, economic, ecological etc) that she has to navigate and address, what it takes for women from rural areas and marginalised communities to become entrepreneurs. She will also talk about the changing policy context in which Mann Deshi bank has been working in the past few decades.
Chetna Gala Sinha is an activist, farmer and banker. In 1996, she founded the Mann Deshi Foundation inMhaswad, a drought-stricken area of Maharashtra, with the aim of economically and socially empoweringrural women. In 1997, she set up the Mann Deshi Mahila Sahakari Bank - India’s first bank for and byrural women. To date, Mann Deshi has supported over 400,000 women and plans to reach one millionwomen entrepreneurs by 2022. Chetna has been instrumental in driving significant policy changesincluding advocating with the RBI to relax stringent KYC norms so low-income customers could open bank accounts and creating the first low-cost pension scheme for women micro-entrepreneurs in 2007 which influenced the national Pradhan Mantri Atal Pension Yojana (2015). She has received many awards for her work. including Jankidevi Bajaj Award for Rural Entrepreneurship (2005), Ashoka Changemakers Award (2005), Godfrey Phillips Bravery Award (2009), EdelGive Social Innovation Honors (Livelihood Category) (2010), the Schwab Foundation’s Social Entrepreneur of the Year (2013) and theForbes Social Entrepreneurs of the Year Award (2017). In January 2018, she served as a Co-Chair of the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland.
My Language: Why and How Hindi?
About the Lecture
Geetanjali Shree is a distinguished Hindi novelist. She has written four novels - Mai, Tirohit, Hamara Sheher Us Baras and Khali Jagah - and two collections of short stories. Three of these novels have appeared in English translation as The Roof Beneath Her Feet (Translator, Rahul Soni, HarperCollins, 2013), That Empty Space (Translator, Nivedita Menon, HarperCollins, 2011) and Mai: Silently Mother (Translator, Nita Kumar, Kali for Women, 2000). Her stories have also been translated into Gujarati, German, Serbian and Japanese. Her novel Khali Jagah has been translated into Urdu in Pakistan and is being translated into English now. She has published in English Between Two Worlds: An Intellectual Biography of Premchand. She is also involved with theatre in Delhi, mostly with the well-known group Vivadi, devising adventurous scripts, such as on Umrao Jan Ada, the courtesan from Lucknow and on Jaishankar Sundari, the male actor from Gujarat who played the female lead and was hugely popular. The English translation of Mai was shortlisted for the Hutch-Crossword Translation Award in 2000. She has received the Indu Sharma Katha Sammaan, Hindi Akademi Sahityakar Sammaan and Dwijdev Sammaan for her contribution to Hindiliterature.
The Social Right to Health Care in India: Constitutional, Legal and Health Systems Perspectives
About the Lecture
The lecture will deal with the challenges of establishing health care as a fundamental right in India, and the challenges involved from constitutional, legal and health systems perspectives. It will also unpack the challenges entailed in the interface of theconstitutional governance, legal and health systems.
E. Premdas Pinto, Director- Research and Advocacy at Centre for Health and Social Justice, is a Human Rights lawyer and PublicHealth scholar-activist, engaged in processes and social justice issues of the marginalized communities in India for the last 25 years. (www.chsj.org) His current engagements include social accountability and health rights with a special focus on processes of participatory community monitoring of health services in India, and coordination of the global secretariat for COPASAH (www.copasah.net) which focuses on community centred social accountability practices in health in the global south. He is one ofthe co-initiators and presently the mentor of Jagrutha Mahila Sanghatan, the union of Dalit Women agricultural labourers inRaichur district, Karnataka-India (www.jmschiguru.wordpress.com) His writings have covered the areas of political economy ofhealth, public health and ethics, and health policy and law. His interdisciplinary doctoral research work is on ‘health carejurisprudence’ and included an analysis of the intersectionality of public health, human rights, and legal frameworks. His academic qualifications include masters in social work, masters in law, post-graduate diploma in human rights law and a PhD* inpublic health care and law. (Submitted, awaiting award). He is engaged with several national and local social mobilisations for dignity, justice, and rights that includes People’s Health Movement, Scavengers’ Dignity Forum, Karnataka Janaarogya Chaluvali and National Alliance of People’s Movements.
An Interface with the Anthropology of Secularism: A Little Scholarly Genealogy and Beyond
About the Lecture
My lecture is an attempt at forging the basis of a revitalized analytics of secularism, one that takes the very normative question of our secular moral/legal commitments seriously, while juxtaposing the latter against the claims of an anthropology (and history) of secularism. In perspective, throughout the course of my lecture, is what I am terming a little scholarly genealogy that I hope to complicate through a seriesof traversals in the literature given over to the anthropology of secularism. Built into the structure of this appraisal is a framework seeking to redeem normative secularity from the genealogical constrictions that define and/or frame it. Thereflection also implicates a thought about ‘normativity’ as performative, one that could re-orient our reflections about contentious socio-political norms and ideals such as secularism.
Sasheej Hegde teaches sociology at the University of Hyderabad. His research and teaching has concerned a subject area intermediate between ‘philosophy’, social and political theory, and culture critique: the question, specifically, of the enabling histories with which one works and the conceptual basis of human inquiry and socio-political activism. More directly, his work has implicated three domains ofinquiry: the Structure and Dynamics of Disciplines; the Interpretation of Modernity;and Research on Normative Political Languages. He has published fairly extensively in each of these spheres, while invariably retaining a reflective focus and incorporating many epistemological questions and socio-historical settings. His current work actively negotiates the design of inquiry across disciplinary domains, while also opening up to new questions of law/ethics and constitutional jurisprudence.
Archaeological Places: Negotiations between Local Communities, Archaeologists and the State
About the Lecture
Supriya Varma teaches archaeology at the Centre for Historical Studies, School of Social Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. She has been the Co-Director of several archaeological projects in India including the Indor KheraArchaeological Project (IKAP) and the Rohana Khurd Archaeological Project (ROKAP). She has also carried out an ethnoarchaeological study of ceramic production in the Upper Ganga plains. She has published articles on themes ranging from settlement archaeology, social archaeology, ethno archaeology, historical archaeology, and early historic urban centres to archaeological practices in India.Her most recent publication includes a forthcoming co-edited book The Archaeology of Early Medieval and Medieval South Asia: Contesting Narratives from the Eastern Ganga-Brahmaputra Basin.
The logic of design: Its role in understanding the antecedents of urban informality
About the Lecture
This paper attempts to study urban spaces that are not part of the formal planning processes, that are generated spontaneously by people as a response to their social, cultural or economic needs. Using the Grounded theory approach, the research shows how urban space is negotiated through theeveryday practices of people. Specifically, it looks at how spatial informality works in the context of a market precinct in Bangalore, India. It primarily looks at the tactics of the vendors and the strategies of the government. It finds thatthe tactics or ‘actions’ of the vendors are preceded by a ‘logic’ and a ‘decision’.In order to develop a theoretical framework, it draws upon the work of Herbert Simon who argues that the interconnectedness of logic, decision and action can be referred to as the Logic of Design. The study suggests how this framework can help understand the antecedents of urban informality in order to address the everyday nature of urbanization and how this may be able to impact urban design and planning scholarship.
Kiran Keswani is an urban design practitioner & researcher based in Bangalore. She has completed her PhD in Urban design from the Faculty of Planning at CEPT University, Ahmedabad. She is currently involved with design, research & teaching that focuses on spatial informality and how it is influenced by theeveryday practices of people. She has taught Open courses on ‘The Everyday City’ at APU and at CEPT. Her recent publications include a co-authored chapter on ‘Territoriality in urban space’ in the book Informal Urban Street Markets (2015) & a paper on ‘The practice of tree worship & the territorial production of urban space in an Indian neighbourhood’ in the Journal of Urbandesign (2017).
The Epidemic of Fake News in India
About the Lecture
"Fake News" - This phrase usually invokes associations with Donald Trump andthe US elections. Not many know that the issue India currently faces predates Donald Trump. The issue seen in India is unprecedented in many ways. In May last year, a rumour was circulated on WhatsApp in Hindi which said, “Suspected child lifters are carrying sedatives, injections, spray, cotton and small towels. They speak Hindi, Bangla and Malyali. If you happen to see any stranger near your house immediately inform local police as he could be a member of the child lifting gang." This message led to widespread fear and ended with the lynching of seven people. About twenty people have since been charged for these crimes. A WhatsApp rumour has killed 7 people and ruined the lives of another 20 people.
Alt News (altnews.in) is an endeavour to understand this situation, raise awareness about it at various levels from the citizenry to media organisations to government and find means and ways to counter it. This talk attempts to understand why the fake news situation in India is unique from a global perspective, the efforts being made to counter it, and the challenges facingthem.
Pratik Sinha is founder of Altnews.in and member Jan Sangharsh Manch. After graduating from Bangalore Institute of Technology, he worked in various technological companies in India, US and Vietnam. Returning to India in 2013, he has been involved with Jan Sangharsh Manch, a civil liberties organisationin Ahmedabad which works on issues of human rights and civil liberties.